I. Aum is the word, all this is an explanation of its (meaning and power) past, present and future. All, indeed, is Aum; even all that is beyond the triple conception of time.
II. For all this is Brahman, this âtman is Brahman, and this âtman has four quarters (pâdas).
III. The first quarter (foot) is Vaiśvânara whose sphere is the state of waking, who is cognisant of the objective, who has seven members, and nineteen mouths, and whose fruition consists of the gross.
IV. The second quarter is the Taijasa whose region is dream, who is cognisant only of the subjective, who has seven members and nineteen mouths, and whose fruition consists of the subtile.
V. That is the state of deep sleep wherein the sleeper does not imagine anything, and does not see any dream. The third quarter therefore is the Prâjna, whose sphere is (this) deep sleep, in whom all melts into one, who is a mass all sentiency, who is all bliss, whose fruition is of bliss, and who is the way of sentiency (to the objective).
VI. This is the Lord of all, this is the all-knowing, this is the antaryâmin, this is the source of all—the origin and final resort of all beings.
VII. The Fourth is that which is not conscious of the subjective, nor that which is conscious of the objective, nor that which is conscious of both, nor that which is simple consciousness, nor that which is a mass all sentiency, nor that which is all darkness. It is unseen, transcendent, unapprehensible, uninferable, unthinkable, indescribable, the sole essence of the consciousness of self, the negative of all illusion, the ever peaceful, all bliss, the One Unit;—this indeed is âtman, it should be known.
VIII. This is that âtman even with regard to the letters (of the word aum); it is aumkâra with its parts. The quarters are the parts, and the parts the quarters, the former being a, u, m.
IX. The first part A is vaiśvânara whose sphere is the condition of waking, on account of all-pervasiveness, or on account of being the first. He who knows this has all his desires fulfilled, and is the first (of all).
X. The second part U is Taijasa whose sphere is the condition of dream, on account of superiority, or on account of being in the middle. He who knows this has his knowledge refined to the highest point of superiority, he finds no cause of difference with anyone, nor is any one ignorant of Brahman born in his family.
XI. The third part M is Prâjna whose sphere is the condition of sleep, on account of its being the measure, or on account of its being that wherein everything loses its identity. He who knows this is able to measure all and to comprehend all within himself.
XII. That which has no parts is the Fourth, indescribable, free from the illusion of experience, all bliss, one without a second. This is aumkâra. He who realizes âtman in himself, loses self in the Self.